From a geomorphological point of view, the Sciliar is a compact dolomite massif, the Catinaccio has an irregular, fragmented shape with jagged peaks, and the Latemar shows pale-colored peaks of calcareous and dolomite rocks. The Sciliar-Catinaccio and Latemar show ample evidence of the effects of tectonic movements, which created a large variety of forms, and present a variety of rock types. There is also ample evidence of glacial and landslide phenomena.

From a geological point of view, the Sciliar-Catinaccio and Latemar is one of the most important systems worldwide for the study of the stratigraphy of the Triassic, thanks to the abundance of fossils on Alpe di Siusi, the relationship between volcanic and carbonate sediments , and the fact that the outcrops are easily accessible.